Monday, November 3, 2008

KHAWVEL A THLIARKAR KHAWHAR BER - TRISTAN DA CUNHA

KHAWVEL A THLIARKAR KHAWHAR BER - TRISTAN DA CUNHA

V.Lalengmawia

Tun hma a British sawrkar ropui takin a ram lo awp tawh tam tak ten zalenna (independence) an hmuh deuh vek tawh laiin ram te nau tam tak erawh chu tun thlengin an thu hnuaiah a la awm hlawm a.Tam tak chu ram han tih tur khawpa lian an ni lem lo.Chuvangin heng ram te nau ho hi ‘British dependencies’ an ti mai thin.A awmzia chu kawng engkim deuh thaw ah British sawrkar puihna leh tanpuina an dawng tihna a ni ber awm e.Heng Pitcairn Island,Falkland Islands,Diego Garcia,St.Helena Islands te hi British Depencies te chu an ni tawh mai awm e.

St.Helena Islands hi thliarkar hrang hrangin a siam a ni a,heng Ascension,St.Helena leh Tristan da Cunha te hi St.Helena Islands tia hriat an ni hlawm a.St.Helena Island zinga pakhat Tristan da Cunha hi khawvel a thliarkar hla ber leh khawhar ber (World’s loneliest island) tia hriat chu a ni ta ni.Tristan da Cunha hi South America khawmual pui leh South Africa ram in kar lai tak vel a awm niin,a thenawm thliarkar hnai ber St.Helena atangin mel 1320 zeta hla a ni.

Tristan da Cunha hi volcano-tlangkangin a siam a ni a.A ram zau zawngin hi mel 38 biala zau niin,sea level atanga tehin feet 6760 a sang a ni.He thliarkar hi kum 1502 daih tawh khan Portuguese lawng miten an lo zu hmu daih tawh a .Amaherawh chu he thliarkara mihringin chen nan a nghet taka an neih kum chu kum 1816 chauh kha a ni a.He thliarkar hmuchhuah atanga kum 300 hnu fe ah chauh mihring an cheng tihna a ni chu.Hemi kum vek hian British sawrkarin Portugal sawrkar lak atangin he thliarkar hi a nei ve leh nghal bawk.Hemi kum bawk hian British Navy te chuan mi pakhat William Glass chu he thliarkarah hian hnutchhiahin he thliarkara mi cheng hmasa ber a lo ni ta a ni.Hemi hnu hian lawng a zin mi ten an tlawh ve zeuh zeuh avang leh lawng a chhiatna tawk ten chen nan an hman chhoh ve zel avangin mihring pawh an pung chho zel bawk a.Tun ah hian he thliarkar a mihring awm zat hi an vaiin mi 300 vel a ni tawh a ni.Kum 1816 atang kum 1940 thleng khan Tristan da Cunha a nun dan phung chu a ngai chho pat reng tih theih a ni a.Kum 1945 a Indopui II a lo zawh hnu khan thil tam tak in thlak thleng awm chho tanin factory te nau engemaw zat pawh thliarkar ah chuan bun tan a ni bawk.Tun hmaa pawisa ang chi reng reng hmang ngai lo leh mamawh lo khan Indopui II hnuah chuan pawisa te pawh an lo hmang ve tan bawk.British sawrkar pawhin roteltu tura a aiawh atan London Foreign Office atangin Administrator a ruat bawk a,hemi bakah hian kum khat vawikhat lawng lian tirin mipui mamawh leh damdawi thil te phur luh tir tan a ni bawk.

Hetia British sawrkarin an ngaihsak leh nun phung pangai ang ve taka an khawsak tak avangin Tristan ho pawh chuan nuam an ti ve tan hle a.Amaherawh chu nuam an tihna chu tlang kang volcano in kum 1961 khan a nuai ta hrep mai a.He tlangkang hian Tristan ho khawpui ber Edinburgh chu nasa taka sawisa in mipuite pawh chu an sa himnna turin British sawrkarin Cape Town ah a phur khawm ta vek a,hemi hnu hian Tristanians ho chu England ah phurh haw an ni ta vek a ni.Tristanians mi tam tak chu kum tam tak he thliarkara lo awm tawh leh zin chhuak ngai lo an nih avangin hetia England a an han phurh haw vek avangin an nun phung a buai phah hle.Sapram atanga kal vek ni mahse an thliarkarah an lo chen rei tawh em avangin an zia a lo dangkam hret hret zel a ni.

Kum 1963 ah Tristanians tam tak chu thliarkarah kir lehin,hemi hnu hnian school leh damdawiin chu sawrkarin a sak sak ta bawk.Hemi bak ah hian sawrkar in sangha manna lawng dah khawmna tur harbour house a sak sak bawk.Tristanians te pawhin an nun thar chu phur takin an chhunzawm tak avangin an hlim hle a.Tunah hian he thliarkar hian chaw hmeh chi hrang hrang zawrhna tlem te,radio station te,internet cafe pakhat leh video dawr pakhat leh swimming pool te pawh a awm ve tawh a,telephone leh fax machine pawh a awm ve tawh bawk.Kum tinin British lawng RMS St.Helena chuan he thliarkar hi vawi khat tal tlawhin lehkhathawn bakah sa tin chi hrang chrang te,videos,lehkhabu,magazine leh damdawi chi hrang hrangte a rawn phurh luh sak thin.Tristan da Cunha ah hian lehkha thawn hi a neitu te hnenah pe lo in
a hming neitu kha an chhiar chhuak a,an in pe mai thin.

Tristan da Cunha ah hian a hmunah Administrator awmin member 12 an awm ve bawk a.An term hi kum thum chhung niin kum thum danah an in thlang ve thin.Member inthlan ah hian Tristanians te chuan an thlan a te kha an in ti lian lutuk ang emaw,a in luling lutuk ang tih emaw an hlau ber thin.He thliarkarah hian police an la awm lo a,police station chu awm ve in,police ni lo in ralthuam tlem azawng an dah khawm zawk a ni.

Tristanians ho hi hnathawk vek an ni a.An hnathawh chu sangha man hi a ni mai a.Chuvangin he thliarkar hian unemployment problem a nei ve lo a tih theih awm e.Hmeichhe naupang ho hi a tam zawk chu lehkha zir turin St.Helena ah an tir thin a,chutah chuan A-Level te passin,hmeichhia ten hmasawnna an nei nasa tawh hle.Naupang ho school atanga an pass chhuah chuan an sawrkar te tak te hian an hna tur chu a lo ruat ve thei mai thin bawk.Tin,mipa naupang hi kum 15 an nih atangin sangha man tir an ni tlangpui a,chuvangin mipa naupang chu chak hle turah an ngai thin.

Tristan da Cunha ah hian social life a tam loh avangin mi in zu in lamn an uar phah hle a.Kum 1994 atanga chhutin Tristanians te hian kum tin zu hi mi pakhatin litre 50 zel in anga chhut an ni.Thlakhatah an sum lakluh hi British Pound 100 anga chhut ani chungin,an pawisa neih tam zawk atangin zu an lei thin.Thil mak tak erawh an life expectancy rate hi UK a mi te nen a in ang reng tho mai.

Tristanians ho hi an in thlah pung chak vak lo hle a.Tunah hian mihring 300 vel awmin chhungkua hi 80 vel an awm a.He thliarkarah hian hnam(surnames) 8 chiah awmin heng Glass,Swain,Rogers,Green,Hagan,Lavarello,Repetto leh Patterson.Kum 1986 khan Scot mi pakhat Patterson chuan Tristanian a neih avangin leh a chen hlen tak avangin Patterson chu Tristanians te zinga hnam thar ber a nih tak chu.

British sawrkar atangin Tristan da Cunha hian engmah tanpuina a pawisa zawngin a hmu ngai lo a.Amah leh amah hi a thawk in,a mamawh chu a thawk chhuak mai a ni.Mamawh an neih tam loh em avangin Tristanians ho hian an sangha man atanga sum an lakluh te,small scale industries leh thil te nau neuh neuh atanga sum an lakluhte hi an dam loh changa Cape Town khawpuia damdawia in enkawl nan an hmang thin.

Khawvel ram dang ngaihtuah chuan Tristanians ho nun dan hi a hahthlak hmel hle a.Amaherawh chu communication technology lamah nasa taka hmalakna a awm avangin engemaw chen chu a zia awm tan tawh bawk.An ni chuan he thliarkar khawhar tak,tumah in an tlawh pawh zen zen lo a awm a,tuma chim buai loha awm hi an thlang ber niin a lang.

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